Headlines Plugin


This plugin displays RSS and ATOM feeds from news sites. Use it to build news portals that show headline news.

Note: Syndic8.com ( http://www.syndic8.com/ ) is a good site listing many RSS feeds.

Syntax Rules


Parameter Explanation Default
"..." source of RSS feed; this can be an url (starting with http) or a web.topic location for internal feeds None; is required
href="..." (Alternative to above) N/A
refresh="60" Refresh rate in minutes for caching feed; "0" for no caching Global REFRESH setting
limit="12" Maximum number of items shown Global LIMIT setting
header Header. Can include these variables: - $channeltitle, $title: title of channel (channel.title)
- $channellink, $link: link of channel (channel.link)
- $channeldescription, $description: description (channel.description)
- $channeldate, $date: publication date of the channel (channel.pubDate)
- $rights: copyrights of the channel (channel.copyright)
- $imagetitle: title text for site (image.title)
- $imagelink: link for site (image.link)
- $imageurl: URL of image (image.url)
- $imagedescription: description of image (image.description)
Global HEADER setting
format Format of one item. Can include these variables:
- $title: news item title (item.title)
- $link: news item link (item.link)
- $description: news item description (item.description)
- $date: the publication date (item.pubDate, item.date)
- $category: the article category (item.category)
Global FORMAT setting

The header and format parameters might also use variables rendering the dc, image and content namespace information. Note, that only bits of interest have been implemented so far and those namespaces might not be implemented fully yet.

Rendering the dc namespace

The following variables are extracting the dc namespace info, that could be used in header and format. Nnote, that some of the variables are already used above. This is done by purpose to use different feeds with the same formating parameters. If there's a conflict the non-dc tags have higher precedence, i.e. a <title> content </title> is prefered over <dc:title> content </dc:title> .

  • $title: channel/article title (dc:title)
  • $creator: channel creator (dc:creator)
  • $subject: subject text; this will also add an image according to the subject hash list, see above (dc:subject)
  • $description: ... (dc:description)
  • $publisher: the channel/article publisher (dc:publisher)
  • $contributor: ... (dc:contributor)
  • $date: ... (dc:date)
  • $type: ... (dc:type)
  • $format: ... (dc:format)
  • $identifier: ... (dc:identifier)
  • $source: ... (dc:source)
  • $language: ... (dc:language)
  • $relation: ... (dc:relation)
  • $coverage: ... (dc: coverage)
  • $rights: ... (dc: rights)

Rendering the image namespace

An image:item is converted into an <img> tag using the following mappings:

  • src: image url (rdf:about attribute of the image.item tag)
  • alt: image title (title)
  • width: image width (image:width)
  • height: image height image:height)

Rendering the content namespace

The variable $content is refering to the <content:encoding> content </content:encoding>.


Slashdot News


  header="*[[$link][$title]]:* $description" 
  format="$t* [[$link][$title]]"
to get the latest Slashdot news as a bullet list format:

Business Opportunities Weblog


%HEADLINES{"http://www.business-opportunities.biz/feed" limit="3"}%

to get the latest postings on the "Business Opportunities" weblog:

Fri, 23 Jun 2017 06:14:48 +0000
The original blog about business opportunities and business ideas for small business entrepreneurs
Fri, 23 Jun 2017 06:14:47 +0000 Bizop Team

Which Cyber Security Process Is Right for Your Business?

Now is the time for your business to be proactive about cyber security.

According to recent statistics, global cyber crime will cost businesses more than $2 trillion annually by 2019. To help put that into perspective, the average cost of just one breach to a major organization is more than $4 million.

While your operation might be smaller than that of a major organization, the threat is just as real for your business. What's more, nearly half of all data breaches are malicious ones.



So How Does a Business Protect Itself from Cyber Crime?

First off, you need to identify your business's cyber security weak spots. You can do this by means of security audits, vulnerability assessments, and penetration testing. While some people use these terms interchangeably, they are different. Each of the three procedures is performed differently, and each will benefit your organization in different ways. Let's look at some of those ways now.


Security Audits

A security audit assesses the types and levels of cyber security risk a company currently faces. It does this by measuring certain aspects of the business's cyber system against rules that are required by law as well as generally accepted levels of security.

Those generally accepted levels of cyber security vary according to the industry and type of business, as well as to the specific business. For example, companies that handle extremely sensitive data are likely to need heightened security.

Security audits often accompany an overall audit, although sometimes they are conducted in preparation for a more official audit.


Vulnerability Assessments

Vulnerability assessments are reviews that look for weaknesses in a company's data management system. These are either weaknesses that malicious individuals could take advantage of or those which could lead to human or technical errors. A vulnerability assessment looks at everything having to do with cyber security-from in-house computers, to networks and systems used by contractors, to mobile phones and tablets used by members of the team who work remotely.

Usually, if a vulnerability assessment encounters a weakness in the system, technicians pause the test and fix that vulnerability. They continue the assessment in this fashion until they have found and addressed all the weaknesses in the system.


Penetration Tests

A penetration test is not the same as a vulnerability test, although many people confuse the two. While both tests look for weak spots, experts believe that a penetration test is more effective than a vulnerability test. That’s because it enters a company's cyber security system and attacks it, just as an actual malicious attacker would do.

It is likely that the number of actual risks is probably much lower than a vulnerability test would suggest. For this reason, penetration tests can cost less and be more effective than vulnerability tests.

Usually, a business will choose to run a penetration test to check for any remaining weak spots after they have tightened their security as much as possible. If a company has tightened their cyber security after an attack but then has been attacked again, they may choose to utilize penetration testing for large companies to find out more about how and why their system is still being attacked.


Protecting Your Business in the Future

Realistically, there will always be new methods available to help you protect your business. That's because cyber protection has to continually change to keep up with cyber criminals' ever-advancing techniques. In addition, the data and sensitive information that companies place online continues to grow at exponential rates.


To keep your company's data and systems safe:

  • Complete penetration testing, security audits, and vulnerability testing regularly.
  • Get expert advice routinely. This is not something you should try to do yourself.
  • Get staff on board and engaged in assisting your company in its war against cyber-crime. Your employees have a vital role to play in helping you protect your business.
  • Prioritize cyber security. According to studies, more than 5 and a half million cyber offenses take place every year. Countless individuals are actively looking to commit cyber crime against your business all the time. Prioritize cyber security to avoid becoming more and more vulnerable to these criminals.





Prioritize cyber security, keep your staff informed and trained, and call on cyber security experts regularly. Those experts will assist you with employing weakness detection methods such as penetration testing, security audits, and vulnerability assessments. Follow these steps to protect your business from sophisticated cyber attacks, both now and in the future.

The post Which Cyber Security Process Is Right for Your Business? appeared first on Business Opportunities.

Thu, 22 Jun 2017 04:01:03 +0000 Bizop Team

How to Turn Your Hobby into a Profitable Business

Have you ever heard that old saying, ''If you truly love what you do, you will never work a day in your life''?

Well, you can take that saying to heart, because it couldn't be truer. The only real problem is finding a job that allows you to do something you love. This is why many people are turning their hobbies into full-fledged businesses, and you can do the same. Whether you have a wood-working hobby, a sewing hobby, or an interest in teaching, you can take any of these hobbies and turn them into a profitable, working business. Below you will learn how.




Develop a Realistic and Effective Strategy

The first and most important thing that you need to know is that you will never get anywhere unless you develop and follow a proper strategy that will lead you to success.

If you wanted to turn your abdominal region into a chiseled masterpiece, you wouldn't expect to get there by eating donuts all day long, would you? No, and the same thing applies to your business strategy. You need to think of a good target audience and then develop a strategy as to how you can reach that certain group of people.



Take Advantage of Social Media

In today's world, everyone is online. Businesses from Fortune 500 companies to mom-and-pop stores are taking advantage of this aspect. In order to get your hobby out into the world and turn it into a profitable business, you’re going to have to build and maintain a social media presence. There are numerous sites where business owners can market their wares and communicate with potential customers.


Draw in an Audience with Lucrative Offers

It is very likely that your hobby is something that has already been done before. It is not like you are reinventing the wheel and coming up with something that no one has ever seen before. Therefore, in order to be successful you do need to make your products or services stand out from the competition. There is no better way to do that than by making lucrative offers that your target audience can't resist.

For instance, you can give away free samples or grant buy-one-get-one-free offers. Get creative and try anything you can think of to make your new business attractive and draw in a dependable customer base. Remember, though, don't ever undersell yourself. Get yourself a reliable Orange County personal injury lawyer in case anything goes awry.


Advertise Your Hobby Through Expos

If you are considering turning your hobby into a business, you should take advantage of expos. These events are designed for people and businesses who want to advertise and demonstrate their products and services.

As a beginner, you will need to start low and work your way up. For example, if you craft handmade items such as ink pens, toys, or crocheted handbags, you should start with flea markets and festivals. These events are perfect for individuals who are working within a budget and not yet ready for an expo.

Setting up at festivals and flea markets is a great way to earn a little extra cash. What’s more, it can help you to develop some brand awareness among your target audience.

Who knows? You just might meet someone at one of these events who can help you take your hobby to the next level.

The post How to Turn Your Hobby into a Profitable Business appeared first on Business Opportunities.

Thu, 22 Jun 2017 03:55:45 +0000 Bizop Team

The 5 Steps You Need to Take Before Writing Your Business Plan

If you want to start a business, you need to have a business plan. However, before you even begin the drafting process for your business plan, there are some steps you should take to get your personal finances, logistics, and ideas in order. Without that foundation, writing a business plan will be substantially more difficult, so take the time to organize yourself in advance.



Steps to Take Before Writing a Business Plan

Follow these steps to give yourself the best platform for writing a business plan:

1. Get your personal finances in order.

First, you'll need to get your personal finances in order. If you're going to start a business, you'll need capital, which means you may need personal loans and funding. Use a credit score calculator to determine your current personal credit, and take the time to get it in good shape by paying down your debts and paying all your bills on time. Try to minimize your outstanding debts, and simultaneously build up an emergency fund. Your first few months and years as a business owner may not be especially profitable, so you need to be prepared.


2. Create a backup plan for your career and income.

Some people claim that 90 percent of businesses fail within the first year of operations. In reality, the figure is closer to 20 percent, but the majority of businesses do fail within 10 years. For that reason, you need to have a backup plan. Businesses aren't a get-rich-quick scheme, so if you want to survive reliably, you'll need to have a backup career in mind, or at least a source of income you can rely on as a temporary measure.


3. Do some baseline research.

You're going to be doing a ton of research when you put your business plan together for the first time, but before you jump into that, do some baseline market and competitive research to make sure your idea is feasible. You may discover that another business is already doing what you had in mind, or that your intended target demographics just aren't as interested in your products as you thought.


4. Talk to other entrepreneurs.

Remember, there's a psychological component to being a successful entrepreneur. You're going to be working in a high-stress environment, working long hours, and dealing with the threat of a potential business collapse. Talk to other entrepreneurs about their experience, and get an accurate glimpse into the world of entrepreneurship before you take the next steps.


5. Learn what makes an ''effective'' business plan.

Your business plan isn't just an item on a checklist. It's going to serve as the blueprint for your business and one of the best tools you have for pitching to both prospective investors and potential clients. Learning some of the most important fundamentals is essential if you want your draft to reflect what investors and clients are interested in.




Creating an Initial Draft

With all those pieces in order, you should be ready to begin the actual drafting process. Your formatting and direction will vary based on your business plan and personal preferences, but these tips should help you get started on the right foot:

  • Back everything with facts.

    Back every statement in your business plan with verifiable facts. For example, don't say that middle-aged men will be interested in your product; prove it with survey data or other demographic information.

  • Forecast conservatively.

    In your business plan, you'll need to forecast your financials, including your estimated revenue and profits. It's tempting to get excited here and think of the best-case scenario, but it's better for your future to estimate conservatively.

  • Scrutinize everything.

    Second-guess yourself; it's going to help you challenge your assumptions and craft a more fact-based document. Your potential investors are going to be scrutinizing every detail, so you need to stay a step ahead of them.

  • Get second opinions.

    After your first draft (or perhaps while you're writing), get second and third opinions on your work. You may learn some new things or think of alternate ways to present your information.

  • Stay flexible.

    Your business plan shouldn't be written in stone. Instead, write it to be adaptable to a number of unexpected turns. Write in a handful of alternative business paths and backup plans should your original plans fail. Doing so could open the door to new opportunities.


Once you have drafted your business plan, you can start the work of getting your business funded, staffed, and off the ground. Be prepared to make a number of changes to your original plan as you gather more information and gain experience, and rest easy knowing you've gotten the best potential start.

The post The 5 Steps You Need to Take Before Writing Your Business Plan appeared first on Business Opportunities.

Plugin Settings

Plugin settings are stored as preferences variables. To reference a plugin setting write %<plugin>_<setting>%, for example, %HEADLINESPLUGIN_SHORTDESCRIPTION%. Note: Don't modify the settings here; copy and customize the settings in Main.TWikiPreferences. For example, to customize the USERAGENTNAME setting, create a HEADLINESPLUGIN_USERAGENTNAME setting in Main.TWikiPreferences.

  • One line description, shown in the TextFormattingRules topic:
    • Set SHORTDESCRIPTION = Show headline news in TWiki pages based on RSS and ATOM news feeds from external sites

  • Refresh rate in minutes for cached feeds. Disable caching: 0, default: 60
    • Set REFRESH = 60

  • Maximum number of items shown. Default: 100
    • Set LIMIT = 100

  • Use LWP::UserAgent, or fallback to TWiki's internal getUrl() method. Default: yes

  • Timeout fetching a feed using the LWP::UserAgent. Default: 20

  • Name of user agent. Default: TWikiHeadlinesPlugin/2.21
      * Set USERAGENTNAME = TWikiHeadlinesPlugin/2.21

  • Default header: (variables are explained in the syntax rules)
      * Set HEADER = <div class="headlinesChannel"><div class="headlinesLogo"><img src="$imageurl" alt="$imagetitle" border="0" />%BR%</div><div class="headlinesTitle">$n---+!! <a href="$link">$title</a></div><div class="headlinesDate">$date</div><div class="headlinesDescription">$description</div><div class="headlinesRight">$rights</div></div>

  • Default format of one item: (variables are explained in the syntax rules)
      * Set FORMAT = <div class="headlinesArticle"><div class="headlinesTitle"><a href="$link">$title</a></div>$n<span class="headlinesDate">$date</span> <span class="headlinesCreator"> $creator</span> <span class="headlinesSubject"> $subject </span>$n<div class="headlinesText"> $description</div></div>

  • Values taken from configure: (only supported if CPAN:LWP is installed)
    • $TWiki::cfg{PROXY}{HOST} - proxy host, such as "proxy.example.com";
    • $TWiki::cfg{PROXY}{PORT} - proxy port, such as "8080";
    • $TWiki::cfg{PROXY}{SkipProxyForDomains} - domains excluded from proxy, such as "intra.example.com, bugs.example.com";

Style sheets

The default HEADER and FORMAT settings use the following styles. See the style.css file defining the default CSS properties (indentation illustrates enclosure).

  • headlinesRss: output of the HeadlinesPlugin (div)
    • headlinesChannel: channel header (div)
      • headlinesLogo: channel logo (div)
      • headlinesTitle: channel title (div)
      • headlinesDate: channel date (div)
      • headlinesDescription: channel description (div)
      • headlinesRight: channel copyright (div)
    • headlinesArticle: one news item (div)
      • headlinesTitle: article title (div)
      • headlinesDate: article date (span)
      • headlinesCreator: author of article (span)
      • headlinesSubject: subect category of the article (span)
      • headlinesText: article text (div)

Plugin Installation Instructions

  • Download the ZIP file
  • Unzip it in your twiki installation directory. Content:
    File: Description:
    data/TWiki/HeadlinesPlugin.txt plugin topic
    pub/TWiki/HeadlinesPlugin/style.css default css
    lib/TWiki/HeadlinesPlugin.pm plugin perl module
    lib/TWiki/HeadlinesPlugin/Core.pm plugin core
    Check if above examples show a news feed instead of variable.
  • Optionally, run HeadlinesPlugin_installer.pl to automatically check and install other TWiki modules that this module depends on. You can also do this step manually.
  • Alternatively, manually make sure the dependencies listed in the table below are resolved.
    Digest::MD5>=2.33Required. Download from CPAN:Digest::MD5
    LWP::UserAgent>=5.803Optional. Download from CPAN:LWP::UserAgent

Plugin Info

Plugin Author: TWiki:Main.PeterThoeny, TWiki:Main.MichaelDaum
Copyright: © 2002-2009, Peter Thoeny, TWIKI.NET; 2005-2007, Michael Daum http://wikiring.de
License: GPL (GNU General Public License)
Plugin Version: v2.21 - 12 Feb 2009
Change History:  
12 Feb 2009: {PROXY}{HOST} supports domain with and without protocol -- Peter Thoeny
06 Feb 2009: added {PROXY}{SkipProxyForDomains} configure setting, added USERAGENTNAME plugin setting -- Peter Thoeny
11 Dec 2008: added {PROXY}{HOST} and {PROXY}{PORT} configure settings -- Peter Thoeny
13 Sep 2007: fixed parsing of content:encoded
23 Jul 2006: improved atom parser; if a posting has no title default to 'Untitled'
26 Apr 2006: added lazy compilation
10 Feb 2006: packaged using the TWiki:Plugins/BuildContrib; minor fixes
03 Feb 2006: off-by-one: limit="n" returned n+1 articles; make FORMAT and HEADER format strings more robust
23 Jan 2006: released v2.00
05 Dec 2005: internal feed urls must be absolute
02 Dec 2005: added web.topic shorthand for internal feeds
29 Nov 2005: fixed CDATA handling
21 Nov 2005: added ATOM support; extended RSS support; added dublin core support; added content support; optionally using LWP to fetch feeds to follow redirections; corrected CPAN dependencies ; recoding special chars from html integer to entity encoding to increase browser compatibility; added css support; use getWorkArea() if available
11 May 2005: TWiki:Main.WillNorris: added DevelopBranch compatability
31 Oct 2004: Fixed taint issue by TWiki:Main.AdrianWeiler; small performance improvement
29 Oct 2004: Fixed issue of external caching if mod_perl or SpeedyCGI is used
02 Aug 2002: Implemented caching of feeds, thanks to TWiki:Main/RobDuarte
11 Jun 2002: Initial version (V1.000)
Perl Version: 5.8
TWiki:Plugins/Benchmark: GoodStyle 100%, FormattedSearch 99.5%, HeadlinesPlugin 94%
Plugin Home: TWiki:Plugins/HeadlinesPlugin
Feedback: TWiki:Plugins/HeadlinesPluginDev
Appraisal: TWiki:Plugins/HeadlinesPluginAppraisal

-- TWiki:Main.PeterThoeny - 12 Jan 2009
-- TWiki:Main.MichaelDaum - 13 Sep 2007

Topic revision: r1 - 2009-02-13 - 03:55:45 - TWikiContributor
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